Category Archives: Cloud Computing

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Great vSphere API ever: Part -I : placevm() API which places the VM on best possible host and datastore

This is the vSphere API personally I was waiting for since long days, I believe this is one of the powerful vSphere APIs ever. The API I am talking about is introduced as part of vSphere 6.0 i.e. placevm(). Here is the API reference for the same.

Why this API is so powerful?
-Basically this API helps to place the VM on appropriate host and datastore. Placing the VM can be as part of creating the VM, relocating the VM, cloning the VM or re-configuring the existing VM.
-How does this API achieves the best host from CPU and Memory perspective and datastore from storage perspective? As per API reference, this API can be invoked to ask DRS (Distributed resource scheduler) for a set of recommendations for placing a virtual machine and its virtual disks into a DRS cluster.
-This API offers so much flexibility that, from storage perspective, it can take input as set of datastores of our choice as well as set of SDRS (Storage DRS) PODs, we can even specify one particular datastore of our choice. From compute perspective, it takes set of hosts or particular host as input. How cool is that when DRS is involved and SDRS POD(s)?
-It also gives us flexibility on not to specify any hosts as well as datastores, in that case, it automatically picks all the hosts inside the DRS cluster and all the datastores connected to hosts inside the cluster.
– Another beauty of this API is, it works perfectly with SPBM (Storage Policy Based Management) as well as across vCenter server. is not it something great capability into single API?

Lets learn now how to use this API in real time. For the sake simplicity I have divided this post into 2 parts.

Part I: How to relocate a Powered ON VM from a DRS enabled cluster to another DRS enabled cluster (One SDRS POD as input) within single vCenter
Part II: How to relocate a Powered ON VM from a DRS enabled cluster to another DRS enabled cluster (Multiple SDRS PODs as input) across vCenter.

Below is the placeVM API sample that achieves the Part I where we invoke placeVM API to get the set of recommendations for VM (cpu, mem, storage) and then we invoke RelocateVM API to apply one of the first recommendations.

Same sample is available on my git hub repository as well as on VMware Sample exchange

//:: # Author: Vikas Shitole
//:: # Website: www.vThinkBeyondVM.com
//:: # Product/Feature: vCenter Server/DRS
//:: # Reference:
//:: # Description: Tutorial: PlaceVM API: Live relocate a VM from one DRS cluster to another DRS cluster (in a Datacenter or across Datacenter)
//:: # How cool is it when DRS takes care of placement from cpu/mem perspective and at the same time SDRS take care of storage placement
//::# How to run this sample: http://vthinkbeyondvm.com/getting-started-with-yavi-java-opensource-java-sdk-for-vmware-vsphere-step-by-step-guide-for-beginners/

package com.vmware.yavijava;

import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import com.vmware.vim25.ClusterAction;
import com.vmware.vim25.ClusterRecommendation;
import com.vmware.vim25.ManagedObjectReference;
import com.vmware.vim25.PlacementAction;
import com.vmware.vim25.PlacementResult;
import com.vmware.vim25.PlacementSpec;
import com.vmware.vim25.VirtualMachineMovePriority;
import com.vmware.vim25.VirtualMachineRelocateSpec;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ClusterComputeResource;
import com.vmware.vim25.StoragePlacementSpecPlacementType;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.Datacenter;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.Datastore;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.Folder;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.HostSystem;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.InventoryNavigator;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ManagedEntity;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ResourcePool;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ServiceInstance;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.StoragePod;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.VirtualMachine;

public class PlaceVMRelocate {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
if(args.length!=3)
{
System.out.println("Usage: PlaceVMRelocate url username password");
System.exit(-1);
}

URL url = null;
try
{
url = new URL(args[0]);
} catch ( MalformedURLException urlE)
{
System.out.println("The URL provided is NOT valid. Please check it...");
System.exit(-1);
}
String username = args[1];
String password = args[2];
String SourceClusterName = "Cluster1"; //Source cluster Name, It is not required to have DRS enabled
String DestinationClusterName="Cluster2"; //Destination cluster with DRS enabled
String SDRSClusterName1="POD_1"; //SDRS POD
String VMTobeRelocated="VM2"; //VM Name to be relocated to other cluster
ManagedEntity[] hosts=null;

// Initialize the system, set up web services
ServiceInstance si = new ServiceInstance(url, username,
password, true);
if(si==null){
System.out.println("ServiceInstance Returned NULL, please check your vCenter is up and running ");
}
Folder rootFolder = si.getRootFolder();
ManagedObjectReference folder=rootFolder.getMOR();
StoragePod pod1=null;

//Getting datacenter object
Datacenter dc=(Datacenter) new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder)
.searchManagedEntity("Datacenter", "vcqaDC");

//Getting SDRS POD object
pod1=(StoragePod) new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder)
.searchManagedEntity("StoragePod", SDRSClusterName1);
ManagedObjectReference podMor1=pod1.getMOR();
ManagedObjectReference[] pods={podMor1};

//Getting source cluster object, It is NOT needed to enable DRS on source cluster
ClusterComputeResource cluster1 = null;
cluster1 = (ClusterComputeResource) new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder)
.searchManagedEntity("ClusterComputeResource", SourceClusterName);

//Getting VM object to be relocated
VirtualMachine vm=null;
vm=(VirtualMachine) new InventoryNavigator(cluster1)
.searchManagedEntity("VirtualMachine", VMTobeRelocated);
ManagedObjectReference vmMor=vm.getMOR();

//Getting destination cluster object, DRS must be enabled on the destination cluster
ClusterComputeResource cluster2 = null;
cluster2 = (ClusterComputeResource) new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder)
.searchManagedEntity("ClusterComputeResource", DestinationClusterName);
ManagedObjectReference cluster2Mor=cluster2.getMOR();

//Getting all the host objects from destination cluster.
hosts = new InventoryNavigator(cluster2).searchManagedEntities("HostSystem");
System.out.println("Number of hosts in the destination cluster::" + hosts.length);
ManagedObjectReference[] hostMors=new ManagedObjectReference[hosts.length];
int i=0;
for(ManagedEntity hostMor: hosts){
hostMors[i]=hostMor.getMOR();
i++;
}

//Building placement Spec to be sent to PlaceVM API
PlacementSpec placeSpec=new PlacementSpec();
placeSpec.setPlacementType(StoragePlacementSpecPlacementType.relocate.name());
placeSpec.setPriority(VirtualMachineMovePriority.highPriority);
// placeSpec.setDatastores(dss); //We can pass array of datastores of choice as well
placeSpec.setStoragePods(pods); // Destination storage SDRS POD (s)
placeSpec.setVm(vmMor); //VM to be relocated
placeSpec.setHosts(hostMors); //Destination DRS cluster hosts/ We can keep this unset as well
placeSpec.setKey("xvMotion placement");
VirtualMachineRelocateSpec vmrelocateSpec=new VirtualMachineRelocateSpec();
vmrelocateSpec.setPool(cluster2.getResourcePool().getMOR()); //Destination cluster root resource pool
vmrelocateSpec.setFolder(dc.getVmFolder().getMOR()); //Destination Datacenter Folder
placeSpec.setRelocateSpec(vmrelocateSpec);
PlacementResult placeRes= cluster2.placeVm(placeSpec);
System.out.println("PlaceVM() API is called");

//Getting all the recommendations generated by placeVM API
ClusterRecommendation[] clusterRec=placeRes.getRecommendations();
ClusterAction[] action= clusterRec[0].action;
VirtualMachineRelocateSpec vmrelocateSpecNew=null;
vmrelocateSpecNew=((PlacementAction) action[0]).getRelocateSpec();
vm.relocateVM_Task(vmrelocateSpecNew, VirtualMachineMovePriority.highPriority);

si.getServerConnection().logout();
}

}

Notes:
– For the sake of simplicity I have hardcoded some variables, you can change as per your environment
– We can leverage this sample either within a single vCenter datacenter or across vCenter datacenters.
– All the required documentation is added inside the sample itself. Source cluster need not to be DRS enabled.
-Same Sample can used not only for relocate ops but also clone, create and reconfigure VM Ops.

If you have still not setup your YAVI JAVA Eclipse environment:Getting started tutorial

Important tutorials to start with: Part I & Part II

Configure and Audit Latency Sensitivity enabled VMs on vSphere using vSphere API

Recently I had an opportunity to work on “Latency sensitivity feature” which was introduced in vSphere 5.5 release. This feature is one of the reasons why mission critical VMs can be run on vSphere infrastructure or vSphere enabled clouds. In this blog post, my focus is on sharing how we can configure and audit latency sensitivity enabled VMs using vSphere Java SDK. Before looking into Java SDK scripts, lets understand what is this feature in brief. Latency sensitivity feature can be enabled per VM level (From vSphere web client >> Manage >> VM options >> Latency sensitivity set to high), this feature enables vSphere admin to allocate exclusive access to physical resources for the VM, reserving 100% vCPU time ensures that exclusive PCPU access to the VM. Once vCPU time is reserved (in MHz), this features requires to reserve 100% of the VM memory. 100% memory reservation ensures memory availability for the VM, in other words, memory will not be reclaimed (in case of memory contention) from the VM as it is 100% reserved. Overall, this feature enables vSphere Admin to bypass/tune the virtualization layer and have exclusive access to the hosts physical resources. For more details on this feature I highly recommend to read this official whitepaper

So now we understood that, in order to properly configure latency sensitive VMs, admin not only needs to enable this feature but also reserve 100% of vCPU time in Mhz and 100% memory. Setting memory reservation equal to VMs configured memory is straight-forward but what about allocating vCPU time (in Mhz)? How to set proper vCPU reservation? Lets consider one example: Lets say ESXi host’s PCPU speed is 2.5 Ghz (2500 Mhz) per core. Now if your VM has 2 vCPU configured, vCPU reservation must be 2*2500=5000 Mhz i.e. Number of vCPUs*PCPU speed per core. Similarly we need to follow for any number of vCPU configured per VM. There is one more interesting point i.e. vSphere DRS interop with Latency sensitivity enabled VMs. When such VM is there inside vSphere DRS enabled cluster, one VM-Host soft rule gets created internally(not visible from Web client) with such VM and the host on which this VM is currently residing. As rule is soft, if needed (in case of imbalanced cluster) DRS can violate this rule and migrate this VM to another host. As soon as DRS migrates this VM to another host, earlier rule gets deleted automatically and new rule gets created with new host. You may ask why is this rule gets created internally. Purpose is to avoid vMotion (by DRS) of such latency sensitive VM as much as possible as vMotion can lead to performance impact though its low. (Pass-through with latency sensitive VMs can be leveraged as well, this is explained very well in above pointed white paper)

Now lets take a look at Java SDK scripts. There are 2 Java SDK scripts, one is to configure LS VM and another is for auditing all the LS enabled VMs.

1. Script to configure latency sensitivity feature on the VM

Same script can be found on VMware’s sample exchange or on my git hub account here


//:: # Author: Vikas Shitole
//:: # Website: www.vThinkBeyondVM.com
//:: # Product/Feature: vCenter Server/Latency Sensitivity of the VM(Exclusive pCPU-vCPU affinity)
//:: # Description: Script to configure latency sensitivity feature on the VM and getting list of VMs where LS is configured.
//:# How to run this sample: http://vthinkbeyondvm.com/getting-started-with-yavi-java-opensource-java-sdk-for-vmware-vsphere-step-by-step-guide-for-beginners/
//:# Reference: http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/techpaper/latency-sensitive-perf-vsphere55.pdf

package com.vmware.yavijava;

import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import com.vmware.vim25.InvalidProperty;
import com.vmware.vim25.LatencySensitivity;
import com.vmware.vim25.LatencySensitivitySensitivityLevel;
import com.vmware.vim25.ResourceAllocationInfo;
import com.vmware.vim25.RuntimeFault;
import com.vmware.vim25.TaskInfoState;
import com.vmware.vim25.VirtualHardware;
import com.vmware.vim25.VirtualMachineConfigSpec;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.Folder;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.HostSystem;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.InventoryNavigator;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ManagedEntity;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ServiceInstance;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.Task;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.VirtualMachine;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.util.MorUtil;

public class ConfigLatencySensitivity {

public static void main(String[] args) throws InvalidProperty,
RuntimeFault, RemoteException, MalformedURLException {

if(args.length!=5)
{
System.out.println("Usage: Java ConfigLatencySensitivity vCurl username password hostname/IP VMName");
System.exit(-1);
}

URL url = null;
try
{
url = new URL(args[0]);
} catch ( MalformedURLException urlE)
{
System.out.println("The URL provided is NOT valid. Please check it.");
System.exit(-1);
}

ServiceInstance si = new ServiceInstance(new URL(args[0]), args[1],
args[2], true); // Pass 3 argument as vCenterIP/username/password

String VMHost=args[3]; //Host on which VM is resided
String VMToBeConfigured=args[4]; //VM name to be configured.

Folder rootFolder = si.getRootFolder();
VirtualMachine vm1 = (VirtualMachine) new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder)
.searchManagedEntity("VirtualMachine", VMToBeConfigured);

HostSystem host = (HostSystem) new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder)
.searchManagedEntity("HostSystem", VMHost);

//Check how many Mhz CPU can be reserved per vCPU of the VM
int cpuMhz=host.getSummary().getHardware().getCpuMhz();
System.out.println("cpuMHz that can be reserved per vCPU::"+cpuMhz);

//Get RAM and vCPU configured to VM while creating that VM
VirtualHardware vHw=vm1.getConfig().getHardware();
int vmMem=vHw.getMemoryMB();
System.out.println("RAM of the VM " +vm1.getName()+" ::"+vmMem);
int vCpu=vHw.getNumCPU();
System.out.println("Number of vCPUs configured on VM "+vm1.getName()+ " are::"+ vCpu);

VirtualMachineConfigSpec vmSpec=new VirtualMachineConfigSpec();

//Set the latency sensitive level flag to "high"
LatencySensitivity ls=new LatencySensitivity();
ls.setLevel(LatencySensitivitySensitivityLevel.high);
vmSpec.setLatencySensitivity(ls);

// It is highly recommended to reserve the CPU in Mhz equal to Multiples of vCPU
ResourceAllocationInfo cpuAlloc=new ResourceAllocationInfo();
cpuAlloc.setReservation((long) (vCpu*cpuMhz));
vmSpec.setCpuAllocation(cpuAlloc);

//It is highly recommended to reserve the memory equal to RAM of the VM
ResourceAllocationInfo memAlloc=new ResourceAllocationInfo();
memAlloc.setReservation((long) vmMem);
vmSpec.setMemoryAllocation(memAlloc);

//Reconfigure the VM and check reconfigure task status
Task task=vm1.reconfigVM_Task(vmSpec);
System.out.println("Reconfigure Task started ......");

//Wait till task is either queued or running, that will help us to verify whether task is successful or not
while(task.getTaskInfo().getState().equals(TaskInfoState.queued)||task.getTaskInfo().getState().equals(TaskInfoState.running) ){
System.out.println(task.getTaskInfo().getState());
}
if(task.getTaskInfo().getState().equals(TaskInfoState.success))
{
System.out.println("Latency sensitive feature is enabled on the VM "+vm1.getName()+" successfully");
}else{

System.out.println("Latency sensitive feature is NOT enabled on the VM "+vm1.getName()+" successfully");
}

//List of VMs with latency sensitivity enabled will be printed for reference.
System.out.println("==============================================================");
System.out.println("List of VMs where Latency sensitivity feature is enabled");
System.out.println("==============================================================");
ManagedEntity[] vms = new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder).searchManagedEntities("VirtualMachine");
for(ManagedEntity vm:vms){
VirtualMachine vmMo = (VirtualMachine) MorUtil
.createExactManagedEntity(si.getServerConnection(), vm.getMOR());
if(vmMo.getConfig().getLatencySensitivity().getLevel().equals(LatencySensitivitySensitivityLevel.high)){

System.out.println(vmMo.getName());
}
}

si.getServerConnection().logout();
}

}

2. Script to audit Latency sensitivity feature configuration on all the VMs in a vCenter Server.

Same script can be found on VMware’s sample exchange or on my git hub repo here

//:: # Author: Vikas Shitole
//:: # Website: www.vThinkBeyondVM.com
//:: # Product/Feature: vCenter Server/Latency Sensitivity of the VM(Exclusive pCPU-vCPU affinity)
//:: # Description: Script to audit Latency sensitivity feature configuration on all the VMs in a vCenter Server.
//:# How to run this sample: http://vthinkbeyondvm.com/getting-started-with-yavi-java-opensource-java-sdk-for-vmware-vsphere-step-by-step-guide-for-beginners/
//:# Reference: http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/techpaper/latency-sensitive-perf-vsphere55.pdf

package com.vmware.yavijava;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import com.vmware.vim25.InvalidProperty;
import com.vmware.vim25.LatencySensitivitySensitivityLevel;
import com.vmware.vim25.RuntimeFault;
import com.vmware.vim25.VirtualHardware;
import com.vmware.vim25.VirtualMachineConfigInfo;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.Folder;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.HostSystem;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.InventoryNavigator;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ManagedEntity;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.ServiceInstance;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.VirtualMachine;
import com.vmware.vim25.mo.util.MorUtil;

public class AuditLatencySensitivityConfig {

public static void main(String[] args) throws InvalidProperty,
RuntimeFault, RemoteException, MalformedURLException {

if(args.length!=3)
{
System.out.println("Usage: Java AuditLatencySensitivityConfig vCurl username password ");
System.exit(-1);
}

URL url = null;
try
{
url = new URL(args[0]);
} catch ( MalformedURLException urlE)
{
System.out.println("The URL provided is NOT valid. Please check it.");
System.exit(-1);
}
String username = args[1]; //vCenter username
String password = args[2]; //vCenter password

// Initialize the system, set up web services

ServiceInstance si = new ServiceInstance(url, username,
password, true); // Pass 3 argument as vCenter URL/username/password

Folder rootFolder = si.getRootFolder();
System.out.println("===========================================================================================");
System.out.println("Auditing configuration of Latency Sensitivity Enabled VMs");
System.out.println("Audit criteria:");

System.out.println("1. VM with LS level set to high should have CPU reservation in multiples of vCPU configured");
System.out.println("2. VM with LS level set to high should have memory reservation equal to VM RAM");
System.out.println("===========================================================================================");

//Maps to store VMs with LS configured and mis-configured
Map lsConfiguredVms=new HashMap();
Map
lsMisConfiguredVms=new HashMap();

//Getting all the hosts available in vCenter Server inventory
ManagedEntity[] hosts = new InventoryNavigator(rootFolder).searchManagedEntities("HostSystem");

//Iterating through 1 host at a time as follows
for(ManagedEntity host1 :hosts){

HostSystem host = (HostSystem) MorUtil
.createExactManagedEntity(si.getServerConnection(), host1.getMOR());

//Check how many Mhz CPU can be reserved per vCPU wrt specified host
int cpuMhz=host.getSummary().getHardware().getCpuMhz();

//Getting all the VMs available on the host
ManagedEntity[] vms = new InventoryNavigator(host).searchManagedEntities("VirtualMachine");
if(vms!=null){
//Iterating through each and very VMs available on perticular host
for(ManagedEntity vm:vms){
VirtualMachine vmMo = (VirtualMachine) MorUtil
.createExactManagedEntity(si.getServerConnection(), vm.getMOR());

//Check whether latency sensitivity property set on the hosts or not
if(vmMo.getConfig().getLatencySensitivity().getLevel().equals(LatencySensitivitySensitivityLevel.high)){
VirtualHardware vHw=vmMo.getConfig().getHardware();
int vmMem=vHw.getMemoryMB(); //RAM of the VM
int vCpu=vHw.getNumCPU(); //vCPUs configured to the VM
VirtualMachineConfigInfo vmConfigInfo=vmMo.getConfig();
long cpuReservation=vmConfigInfo.getCpuAllocation().getReservation(); //CPU reservation on the VM
long memReservation=vmConfigInfo.getMemoryAllocation().getReservation(); //Memory reservation on the VM

//Compare mem/cpu reservation wrt configured memory/vCPUs on the host
if((cpuReservation==(vCpu*cpuMhz))&&(memReservation==vmMem)){
lsConfiguredVms.put(vmMo.getName(),host.getName());
}else{
lsMisConfiguredVms.put(vmMo.getName(),host.getName());
}
}
}
}else{
System.out.println("NO VMs available on the specified host");
}
}
System.out.println("VM list where Latency sensitivity is configured properly");
System.out.println("-------------------------------------------------------------");
for (Map.Entry< String , String> lsConfiguredVm : lsConfiguredVms.entrySet()) {
System.out.println("[" + lsConfiguredVm.getKey() + "::" + lsConfiguredVm.getValue()
+ "]");
}
System.out.println("\n VM list where Latency sensitivity is NOT configured properly");
System.out.println("-------------------------------------------------------------");
for (Map.Entry< String , String> lsMisConfiguredVm : lsMisConfiguredVms.entrySet()) {
System.out.println("[" + lsMisConfiguredVm.getKey() + "::" + lsMisConfiguredVm.getValue()
+ "]");
}
si.getServerConnection().logout();
}
}

Let me know if you need any help on this. If you have still not setup your YAVI JAVA Eclipse environment:Getting started tutorial Important tutorials to start with: Part I & Part II