Couple of weeks back vSphere 6.7 U3 released vCenter release notes & ESXi release notes and once again an update release has got great content. Apart from several other changes gone into vSphere 6.7 U3, one of the utilities I found really useful. i.e. Ability to schedule the VM power cycle when the guest OS reboots. This post is focused on the same. Before we dig into, below is what ESXi release note says about it.
PR 2394247: You cannot set virtual machines to power cycle when the guest OS reboots
After a microcode update, sometimes it is necessary to re-enumerate the CPUID for virtual machines on an ESXi server. By using the configuration parameter
vmx.reboot.powerCycle = TRUEyou can schedule virtual machines for power-cycle when necessary.
This issue is resolved in this release.
Based on above description, it is clear that one of the motivations behind this cool utility is the recent meltdown/spectre patches. After applying each of these patches, it was required to do cold power cycle of the VMs in order to re-enumerate the CPUID(s) introduced by that particular patch. Performing cold power cycle (power off and power on) is always tricky to plan and painful activity. This utility enables an user to schedule power cycle as part of guest OS reboots itself. How cool is that!
In order to simulate a scenario where we should see CPUIDs are re-enumerated on a VM, I created a cluster with 2 hosts, where both hosts Max EVC mode supported was “Broadwell” but I enabled EVC on “ivy-bridge” EVC mode. Then I created a GOS VM, powered on it and used below powerCLI script to add ” vmx.reboot.powerCycle = TRUE ” into vmx file.
[powershell] #PowerCLI script to add vmx entry "vmx.reboot.powerCycle" Set-PowerCLIConfiguration -InvalidCertificateAction Ignore -Confirm:$false Connect-VIServer -Server 10.1.1.1 -User Administrator@vsphere.local -Password VMware@123 #replace your server (VC or ESXi) name $spec = New-Object VMware.Vim.VirtualMachineConfigSpec $spec.extraConfig += New-Object VMware.Vim.OptionValue $spec.extraConfig.key = "vmx.reboot.powerCycle" $spec.extraConfig.value = "TRUE" (get-view (Get-VM -Name VMW).ID).ReconfigVM_Task($spec) #replace your vm name Disconnect-VIServer -Server 10.1.1.1 -Confirm:$false #replace your server (VC or ESXi) name [/powershell]
You can run above script against either vCenter or ESXi as endpoint. User also can add above vmx entry using ESXi host client as shown below.
After running above script against my VM, I see that vmx file has got ” vmx.reboot.powerCycle = TRUE ” entry . Before I restart the GOS, I checked (from MOB) CPUIDs available on this VM at ivy-bridge EVC mode and below is how it looks.
In continuation to simulate the scenario, I disabled EVC on the cluster,where max EVC mode supported is “Broadwell” i.e. ideally VMs should be running on Broadwell cpu set but since we had created our VM when EVC was enabled on “ivy-bridge”, it will continue to use “ivy-bridge” cpu set/features even though underlying host is “Broadwell”. Before 6.7 U3, we had to do cold power cycle (power off, power on) to have VM on “Broadwell” cpu set. Since we added vmx entry already, we need not to do power cycle but guest reboot in-turn will do power cycle as well and CPUIDs will be re-enumerated. Below are the CPUIDs I see on VM when I restarted the Guest OS as it is now using broadwell cpu instruction set.
1. I see vmx entry works only when it is added on the Powered ON VM.
2. When I added vmx entry onto PowerOff VM, it got added but as soon as I powered on, it got removed. It will persist during suspend and resume.
3. I observed that this setting is one time i.e. when user restarts the Guest OS, I do not see vmx entry i.e. vmx.reboot.powerCycle = TRUE any more. Hence next time you want to have similar functionality, you need to set it once again on powered ON VM.
4. This utility is just not only for cpuid re-enumeration. cpuid re-enumeration is one of the use-cases. I think it is great idea to schedule the power Cycle when you upgrade VM hardware version or upgrade vmware tools.
I hope enjoyed the post. Let me know if you have any comment.
Vikas Shitole is a Staff engineer 2 at VMware India R&D. He currently focusses on vCenter server in general, vSphere with Tanzu, VCF and partly VMware cloud. He is passionate about VMware customers & automation around VMware technologies. He has been a vExpert since last 9 years (2014-22) in row for his significant community contributions around VMware. He is also part of BU driven vExpert sub-programs i.e. vExpert App modernization, vExpert VMware Cloud on AWS & vExpert PRO as well. He is author of 2 VMware flings & holds multiple technology certifications. He has been speaker at International conferences such as VMworld Europe, VMworld USA & was designated VMworld 2018 blogger as well.
In addition, he is passionate cricketer, bicycle rider & aspiring Ironman 70.3. He also enjoys learning about fitness & nutrition.